WHY NASA HAD SO MANY FATAL ACCIDENTS IN THE PAST?

ABSTRACT

The American space shuttle program was one of the most iconic projects in the history of the world. The program lasted 30 years, costing NASA billions of dollars and unfortunately several lives. Initially, the space shuttles were used to send astronauts to the space to carry out certain experiments, and later on, it was used to build the International Space Station.
It consisted of 5 space shuttles namely:-
1. Discovery
2. Atlantis
3. Challenger
4. Colombia
5. Enterprise

Accidents of the Shuttle at Multiple Occasion:-

The program had many ups and downs due to the fact that it was not the safest thing in the world, it was real rocket science that they were dealing with here which made it astronomically difficult for the scientists. The program had 2 accidents in the year 1986 and 2003 of Challenger and Colombia respectively.
The Challenger accident was especially bad because it was the first time a teacher (non-astronaut individual) was flying on the shuttle. It was done to promote the existence of the shuttle in the eyes of the general public as it was said they had presumably lost interest in the space programs. It was also broadcasted all around the world in schools. Think about the reputation of NASA here, it must have been completely shattered.

How to Successfully Launch the Spacecraft

THE CHALLENGER ACCIDENT

The challenger accident happened because of the failure of a rubber o-rings in the right SRB (Solid Rocket Booster) which let the super-hot flames directly aiming at the big orange tank filled with fuel, as a result just after 73 seconds into the missions it exploded like a fireball.
In the other point of view, it happened because that particular mission was delayed several times because of the cold conditions at the launch pad and NASA did not want to delay it further and ordered the launch to happen. Due to the cold condition, the rubber o-ring was not able to contract and relax properly and led the flames out of it. This accident was ultimately blamed on NASA for not taking proper care of the mission and caused the grounding of the remaining space shuttle for 2 years.

Actual Footage of the Challenger Disaster

THE COLOMBIA ACCIDENT

The Colombia accident was a special case as it was known what had gone wrong with the shuttle but people at NASA didn’t know to what extent, this confusion mainly caused the accident. Even if they had known the extent of the damage, there was no guarantee that NASA was able to keep their astronauts safe.
During the ascend into space, foam particles are usually seen around the shuttle falling. But due to some obvious reasons, a big chunk of particle fell from the top and hit the front part of the left-wing, which presumably made a big hole around 16 inches in diameter on the body of the shuttle. This part of the wing was immensely damaged and couldn't be seen from the cockpit.

All About the Colombia Space Shuttle

TO CONCLUDE

All in all, NASA has been very successful with its launches of many satellites and spacecraft. After the accidents, these spacecraft were asked to be grounded by the American government as they posed a major threat to people's lives but eventually, people at NASA found a way to make it a successful venture.

Competitors, SpaceX and Blue Origin

VIDEO GALLERY

Full Animation on how the Challenger Spacecraft was Destroyed
A Short Video on how the Colombia Accident Occurred
Actual Footage from the Cockpit of the Colombia Spacecraft before the Accident

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